Indonesia

Indonesia is one of the partner countries in the Federal Ministry of Education and Research's Scientific and Technological Cooperation (STC) with Asia. The STC with Indonesia started in 1979 and was significantly intensified following the tsunami disaster of 26 December 2004 through the joint development of a tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean.

Skyline Jakarta

© Ludwig Kammesheidt / DLR

Funding opportunities

No current announcements regarding the cooperation with Indonesia.

Political framework

According to the STC agreement of 1979, the priority areas of bilateral cooperation are marine research, energy research, aviation and aerospace research, geosciences, social sciences and the humanities as well as technologies that can help to drive forward industrial development, and scientific information and documentation activities.

Priorities of the cooperation

Based on the STC agreement, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) maintains cooperation with Indonesia through an inter-ministerial committee.

The cooperation of the last one and a half decades concentrated among others on the areas of marine research and coastal protection as well as on setting up a tsunami early warning system. Both research projects and the accompanying steering committees have been completed by now. The early warning system was handed over to Indonesia in spring 2011.

Two other fields of cooperation are geothermal energy and biotechnologies. Steering committees coordinate the cooperation in both areas.

Two People in the Tsunami early warning system

© International Bureau/Ludwig Kammesheidt

Geothermal energy

Geothermal energy could be one of Indonesia's major energy sources. However, this potential has so far been underutilized. Since 2009, the Potsdam German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ) has been cooperating with Indonesian partners to determine reservoir properties as a crucial prerequisite for the sustainable use of geothermal deposits.

In addition, the GFZ is building a binary demonstration power plant with Indonesian partners to be completed by the end of 2018 in Lahendong, Sumatra. Modular binary power plants have the advantage of being able to supply power to remote locations in different regions as needed. This variant of geothermal power generation is therefore particularly suitable for off-grid areas in Indonesia.

Biotechnology

In 2013, the Biotechnology steering committee adopted the white paper 'Biodiversity and health – from biodiscovery to biomedical innovation 2013-2020' as a substantive basis for further cooperation. Developing pharmaceutical substances is a joint research goal, from identifying relevant substances to extracting and isolating them, through to production steps including clinical tests and legal approval. A first bilateral call for proposals for funding for this project was published in 2014.

Building a research presence

As part of the APRA (Asian-Pacific Research Area) announcement 'Development of Research Presence in Southeast Asia', the University of Paderborn and the Fraunhofer Institute for Wood Research in Braunschweig, together with the Teknologi Bandung Institute and an Indonesian company, are building a joint laboratory for the use of biogenic by-products from palm oil (2013-2017). At the same time, the Leibniz University Hannover and the United Nations University in Bonn, together with the Indonesian research institute LIPI, are establishing a research and expert network to improve the prevention of natural hazards and the effects of climate change.

In a new APRA project, the Faculty of Georesources and Materials Technology of the RWTH Aachen University and Gadjah Mada University (UGM) are establishing a competence network and science campus in the field of georesources  (GetIn-CICERO). The jointly created infrastructures and capacities serve research and education along the entire anthropogenic material cycle. Topics include, in particular, the environmentally friendly development of new raw materials and the exploitation of existing mineral deposits, better groundwater management in densly populated areas, micro-pollutants in the water cycle, geo-risks and climate adaptation in the coastal region and energy efficiency in mining and metal finishing. Among other measures an on-site representative office with an integrated central laboratory will be established at the UGM (2017-2022).

Role of the International Bureau project team

On behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the International Bureau supports the goal of expanding the international network of German universities, research institutions and companies, in order to facilitate the acquisition of expertise and innovative advantages for German science and industry. Thus, the International Bureau contributes to the implementation of the international dimension in the specialist programmes of the BMBF.