India

In the nearly 60 years since it was launched, the German-Indian science and research cooperation has enjoyed a perpetual increase in intensity. After the USA, Germany is by now India’s most important partner in this area. The 'Indo-German Science and Technology Center' in New Delhi is Germany’s only bilateral centre of its kind in the world.

Flag of India

Funding opportunities

The International Bureau (IB) regularly publishes three different types of calls for funding applications for the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in order to foster and implement German-Indian research cooperation:

  • IGSTC
    2+2 calls for funding applications intending to catalyse innovation centric R&D
    projects by synergising the strength of research/academic institution and public/private industry from India and Germany. These calls for proposals are aimed at supporting joint R&D projects of industrial relevance by means of “2+2 mode of partnership” i.e. involvement of at least one research/academic institute and one public/private industry from both the countries. The project proposals are expected to produce insight and exploitable research results leading to new technologies, products, processes, patents and /or services.

    The IGSTC further offers annual workshop calls in chosen areas, which are published by the IGSTC.
  • Calls for funding applications regarding research projects involving the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the Indian Department of Biotechnology (DBT) and the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).

In addition, the BMBF specialised departments publish individual calls for funding applications which offer cooperation options with India.

Find current calls...

Political framework

One of the aims of the Federal Government’s 'High-Tech Strategy for Germany' is to increase collaboration in growing markets with countries that have a dynamic research environment. That is why the Federal Government is providing special support for cooperation with countries that are strongly expanding their research and development capacities and are therefore becoming attractive partners for Germany in its role as a key high technology location.

Strengthening the collaboration with India also meets four out of five targets of the 'Federal Government’s Strategy for the Internationalisation of Education, Science and Research', i.e.

  • strengthening excellence through global cooperation,
  • developing Germany’s strength in innovation on the international stage,
  • developing the international aspects of vocaltional training and qualifications,
  • working with emerging and deveoping countries to shape the global knowledge society,
  • overcoming global challenges together.

The Scientific and Technological Cooperation (STC) with India is one of the most important areas of Indo-German relations within the two countries’ strategic partnership. German-Indian STC relations are based on the 1971 agreement on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and space, the 1974 agreement on cooperation in scientific research and technological development, and numerous individual agreements between German and Indian research institutions and intermediary organisations.

Since 1996, the extent and aims of STC have been determined by the Indo-German Committee on Science and Technology, which meets every two years under the leadership of a state secretary from the BMBF and the Department of Science and Technology (DST). Cooperation in the field of research, education and science plays an important role at the bilateral intergovernmental consultations that have been taking place since 2010. There are also high-level bilateral working groups for 'university education' and 'vocational training'.

Priorities of the cooperation

Scientific and technological cooperation with India encompasses three complementary areas:

  • Joint research projects within the BMBF’s specialised programmes and the 2+2 calls for funding applications of the IGSTC.
  • 'Project-related funding' by the International Bureau (IB) to implement smaller joint research projects which intensify existing contact, making it a basis for planning major research projects.
  • Exchange of students and young scientists via the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) in the context of the programme 'A New Passage to India', the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH) and the German Research Community (DFG), which constitutes a hub for projects and long-term cooperations.

Highlights of the bilateral cooperation

Indo German Science and Technology Centre (IGSTC)

The formation of the IGSTC was decided in 2007 and implemented in 2010 by inaugurating the office in Gaurgaon. For the time from 2017 - 2022 the BMBF and the Indian Department of Science and Technology (DST) each make available EUR 4 million each year to fund application-orientated research projects through the centre. The basis for the project funding is joint annual funding announcements with varying topics for the key areas. Dr. Roshan Paul is the director of the IGSTC. The aim of the centre is also to serve as a platform for developing bilateral networks. To this end, the centre will hold workshops and conferences, among other events.

A New Passage to India

To increase the exchange of students between Germany and India, the DAAD initiated the country-specific campaign 'A New Passage to India' in 2008, drawing on funding from the BMBF (approx. €4 million per year). Study visits by German students and graduates to Indian universities and the option to work for a year in an Indian institution after university graduation are promoted.

A further element of the programme is the Indo-German Centre of Sustainability (IGCS) at the IIT Madras. This was officially inaugurated on 6 December 2010. Since then, the IGCS serves the cooperation between German and Indian scientists on fundamental and applied research, teaching and training, dissemination of information in the area of sustainable development. Its special focus is the protection of the environment considering water resources, energy, land use and rural development and waste management.

The Centre should promote the development of relevant ideas on and solutions to specific local issues, through interdisciplinary research and study projects in the above mentioned areas. The IGCS will additionally contribute to the intensification of Indo-German cooperation in key academic fields.

M.S. Merian – R. Tagore Interantional Centre for Advanced Studies in the Humanities and the Social Sciences (ICAS:MP)

The centre is currently being set up in Delhi and will be managed by a team of German and Indian directors. On the German side, the Max-Weber Foundation and the German Historical Institute London as well as the universities of Göttingen, Würzburg and Erfurt will take part, and on the Indian side, the Institute for Economic Growth, the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (both in Delhi) and the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta will participate. The ICAS centre will offer a fellowship programme on 'Political metamorphoses: comparative perspectives in the long 20th century' and contribute to the internationalisation of the humanities and social sciences overall.

Indian involvement in major European research facilities

India is contributing to FAIR, a large-scale international project to build a new accelerator facility for ion and antiproton beam research at the GSI in Darmstadt, as well as in ITER, a project to build an international fusion reactor in France. India is also actively investing in the cooperation with DESY.

Vocational training

Since 2007, the BMBF has cooperated with the Indian government on vocational training; joint activities are discussed and managed in annual meetings of a bilateral working group at state secretary level. The cooperation gained momentum after the Congress elections in 2014 and is currently focused on setting up company clusters to implement dual - primarily operational - apprenticeship. The BMBF-funded project VETnet at AHK in Pune is a 'role model', where dual vocational training elements have been tested since 2013. This has resulted in strong synergies with the vocational training project planned by BMZ and implemented by GIZ. The BMBF initiative iMOVE supports access to German education providers on the Indian education market, such as through tenders for further education measures for Indian master trainers in Germany. The Federal Institute of Vocational Training BIBB provides the Indian side with advice on how to develop innovative framework curricula. In addition, German support is planned for the establishment of a 'National Institute for Higher Vocational Learning for Workers' and of further education institutions in 'Energy-efficient construction'. The existing Memorandum of Understanding is to be renewed as part of the government consultations in October 2015. The International Bureau coordinates and hosts different campaigns and maintains direct contact with Indian and German partners for the BMBF.

The role of the International Bureau

On behalf of the BMBF, the International Bureau aims to extend the international network of German universities, research institutions and businesses in order to enhance the position of German science and industry in terms of expertise and innovation. This means the International Bureau helps realise an international dimension in the BMBF’s programs and also provides project funding on behalf of the BMBF.